What is Taghout?
Allah (SWT) said: “There is no compulsion in the deen, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path, whoever rejects taghout, and believes in Allah, he has got a firm hold of the most trustworthy handhold that will never break, and Allah is the All hearing, all knowing.” [2: 256]
Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir (interpretation of the Qur’an) said regarding this Ayah: “Whoever rejects the rivals of Allah, the idols, and those that Shaytan calls to be worshipped besides Allah. Whoever believes in Allah’s Oneness, worships Him alone and testified that there is no deity worth of worship except Him, then he has got a firm hold of the most trustworthy handhold. Thus, this person will have acquired firmness (in religion) and proceeded on the correct way and straight path.”
Also the right path being distinct is the Prophet (SAW) coming and the most trustworthy handhold is Imaan [Tafseer of: ibn Mas’oud, ibn Abbas and Ali (RAA)]
This Ayah dictates to us the importance of rejecting Taghout. Only by rejecting Taghout we can gain the most trustworthy handhold which is Imaan. Therefore, it essential that one understands what Taghout means in order to avoid it and have faith.
Taghout is- “Anything that has been worshipped or obeyed or followed or submitted to instead of Allah (SWT)”
Taghout could be:
– A person male or female etc e.g. a king, president or a Prophet
– Law and order/Ideas
– Anything else that is worshipped instead of Allah (SWT)
THE HEADS OF TAGHOUT
1- SHAYTAAN WHO CALLS YOU TO OBEY, WORSHIP OR FOLLOW DIFFERENT FROM ALLAH
(Can be Iblees, Jinn or Man); Allah (SWT) said: “Did I not command you O children of Adam? That you should not worship shaytan, verily he is a plain enemy to you. And that you should worship me alone, that is the straight path. And indeed he did lead astray a great multitude of you, did you not, then understand?” [Ya sin (36): 60- 62]
2- THE RULER WHO REPLACES THE SHARI’AH WITH ANYTHING ELSE
Allah (SWT) said: “Have you seen those who claim to believe in what was sent to you and sent down before you? And they wish to go to judgement in their disputes (At Tahakum) to the Taghout while they have been ordered to reject them, but Shaytan wishes to lead them far astray.” [Nisaa (4): 60]
3- WHOSOEVER JUDGES DIFFERENT FROM WHAT ALLAH REVEALED
Allah (SWT) said: “Whosoever Judges by other than what Allah revealed is from the disbelievers” [Ma’idah (5): 44]
The meaning here is the judge or the ruler or any similar.
4- ANYONE WHO CLAIMS THAT HE KNOWS THE GHAIB INSTEAD OF WHAT ALLAH (SWT) HAS INFORMED US
Allah (SWT) said: “And with him (Allah (SWT)) are the keys of the Ghaib. None knows it but he, and he knows whatever is in land and the sea; not a leaf falls but he knows it, there is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a clear record.” [An’am (6): 59]
5- THE ONE WHO HAS BEEN WORSHIPPED INSTEAD OF ALLAH AND HE CONSENTS TO BE WORSHIPPED
Allah (SWT) said: “And the one who claims “I am god” we will reward him with hellfire this is how we reward the oppressors.” [Anbiyah: 29]
CONDITIONS OF KUFR BIL TAGHOUT – Conditions of Rejecting Taghout
1) YOU MUST BELIEVE THAT THE TAGHOUT IS FALSEHOOD
Allah (SWT) said:”That is because Allah – he is the truth, and what they invoke besides him, it is Batil. And verily, Allah – he is the most high, the most great.” [Hajj (22); 62]
We are not allowed to obey anyone except Allah (SWT), we obey the Messenger of Allah, only because of his messengership. We do not obey him because he is an arab, or from banu Quraish, rather because he is the Messenger of Allah. In the same way, if we obey our parents, we do not do so just because they are our parents, we do so because Allah said to obey them, and we do so only IF they obey Allah, in this way we are still obeying Allah (SWT).
2) TO KEEP AWAY FROM IT (Ijtinaab Al Taghout)
We cannot say that we reject taghout, reject Shaytan, but we work for him as minister, we must keep distance from it. Allah (SWT) said:
“… So shun the abomination of idols (Taghout), and shun lying speech.” [Hajj: 30]
3) TO DECLARE ANIMOSITY TOWARDS IT
Al ‘Adaawa lil Taghout
4) TO HATE TAGHOUT (Al baghda)
The Prophet (SAW) said: “The strongest knot of Imaan, is to love for the sake of Allah and hate for the sake of Allah.”
Allah (SWT) said:”He said: “Do you see now that which you worship, you and your fathers before you? For they are enemies to me except the Lord of the Worlds” [26: 75-77]
5) DECLARE TAKFEER ON TAGHOUT (Takfeer Al Taghout)
It is impossible for someone to insist that any Taghout is Muslim, we cannot disbelieve in Shaytan, distancing ourselves from him, hating him, declaring animosity on him, and then insist that he is Muslim, rather we must recognise him as a kafir beyond any doubt.